Novel application of archaeology methods to excavate a mammoth in Mexico
- edited in English/not authored by me
“A group of palaeontologists have, for the first time in Latin America, applied methods generally unique to archeology to salvage the remains of a mammoth [near] Mexico City, reports the Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico website.
The excavation, which aims to rescue the first mammoth found in Milpa Alta, a city in the south of Mexico City, is applying “magnetic and electrical methods and ground penetrating radar in paleontology for the first time in Latin America, (…) methods commonly used in archaeological excavations for the detection of architectural remains,” says the institute.
This technology allowed excavators to determine the magnitude of the find before beginning the excavation and saves research time, according to experts.
The specimen is a male mammoth from the prairies (Mammuthus columbi) and was about 30 years of age when it died. It was discovered accidentally in 2012 by the inhabitants of the area in ash deposited by a volcanic eruption 10,000 or 12,000 years ago.
The excavations, which began in March, have unearthed the tusk, part of the skull, a mandibular ramus, some ribs and some vertebrae of the mammal, but 30% of the bones still need to be accounted for.
Mammoths are a genus of an extinct family of elephants that once existed in the Pliocene (late Neogene) periods, Pleistocene and Holocene (Quaternary).”
(Source: Paleorama en Red)